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Landscape Design

NE Ohio Garden
Your Landscape Concierge!

Bee
Balm

Monarda

 


Description:

As one might guess from the name, Bee Balm attracts bees along with hummingbirds and other pollinators.  These plants also serve as a butterfly nectar source. It's fragrant leaves are used to make tea and potpourri.    Bee Balm has a tendency to become invasive, so division is necessary every few years.  Division should be done in the spring.  Sometimes this plant is infected with powdery mildew after flowering. If so, cut back to new foliage.
 
Common Name: Bee Balm, Wild Bergamont, Oswego Tea, Horsemint, Bergamont
Botanical Name: Monarda
Type: Perennial
Soil Preference: This plant tolerates occasional wetness and will grow in moist soil but prefers well-drained soil with a pH of neutral.
Light Requirements: Full sun to partial shade
Attributes: Naturalizing,  attracts birds, attracts butterflies, suitable for cut flowers, suitable for dried flowers
Pests: Aphids
Diseases: Rust, root and crown rot.  This plant is also susceptible to powdery mildew and rust if the soil is overly dry and the air circulation is poor.
Good Companion Plants: Black-Eyed Susan, Coneflower, Daylily, False Sunflower, Gayfeather, Goat's Beard, Rose Mallow, Shasta Daisy, Speedwell, Yarrow
Care: In spring, remove dead foliage only.  In fall, cut back to 6" and dead-head spent flowers.    Division is necessary and should be done in the spring.  Fertilize as directed with Plant-tone or slow-release Osmocote.

Planting Instructions:  Perennials

 

Varieties:

This variety listing is for informational purposes only, it is not a catalog. 
To view our catalog or availability, click here

 


Click on image to view larger size

 

Monarda didyma 'Adam'
Bee Balm
zones 4-9
 
Description:  Red flowers, withstands dry conditions better than others.   Fragrant foliage.
Bloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: June-August
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 24-36"
Spread: 20-24"


Click on image to view larger size

 

Monarda didyma 'Blue Stocking'
Bee Balm
zones 4-10
 
Description:  Totally unique flowers are deep lilac colored.  Fragrant foliage.
Bloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: June-August
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 36-60"
Spread: 24"


Click on image to view larger size

Photo courtesy of Gardenworld/
Growing Colors

 

Monarda 'Fireball'
Bee Balm
zones 4-9
 
Description:  Dark green fragrant foliage with deep, red globe-shaped blooms.
Bloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: July-August
Foliage Color: Dark green
Height: 15"
Spread: 24"


Click on image to view larger size

 

Monarda didyma 'Gardenview Scarlet'
Bee Balm
zones 4-10
 
Description:  The distinctive flowers of 'Gardenview Scarlet' are brightly rose-red colored.   The fragrant green foliage is mildew resistant.
Bloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: June-August
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 36"
Spread: 24"


Click on image to view larger size

Photo courtesy of Gardenworld/
Growing Colors

Monarda 'Grand Mum'
Bee Balm
zones 3-8
 
Description:  Medium sized clumps of mint-scented dark green foliage form rapid spreading clumps. The light pink-mauve flowers are very full and resemble Mum flowers and start blooming mid-summer. Very disease resistant. Deadhead for re-bloom.
Bloom Color: Pink-Mauve
Bloom Time: June-August
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 15-18"
Spread: 15-18"


Click on image to view larger size

 

Monarda didyma 'Jacob Cline'
Bee Balm
zones 4-9
 
Description:  The flowers of 'Jacob Cline' are showy, large and red with a longer bloom season than others.  the fragrant foliage is probably one of the best for mildew resistance.  Also serves as butterfly nectar sources.  Pinch or shear this plant in June to control its height and encourage a later blooming period.
Bloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: June-August
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 24-48"
Spread: 24-36"


Click on image to view larger size

 

Monarda didyma 'Marshal's Delight'
Bee Balm
zones 4-9
 
Description:  Showy pink flowers are tighter than other varieties.   This plant also appears to be mildew resistant. Foliage is fragrant.  Plants serve as butterfly nectar sources.   
Bloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: June-August
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 36-48"
Spread: 24-36"


Click on image to view larger size

 

Monarda didyma 'Panorama Red'
Bee Balm
zones
 
Description:  This superb new variety has gorgeous, showy flowers in brilliant shades of red.   Hummingbirds love it!
Bloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: June-September
Foliage Color: Dark green
Height: 24-30"
Spread:  


Click on image to view larger size

Thank you to Walters Gardens for image use

 

Monarda 'Pardon My Pink'
Bee Balm
zones 4-9
 
Description:  A petite selection reaching just a foot tall at maturity. From mid to late summer, pink flowers (2-3”) sit just at the top of the foliage. This compact selection forms a bushy, well-branched clump of deep green, glossy foliage. Good resistance to powdery mildew.
Bloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Mid-Summer to Fall
Foliage Color: Dark green
Height: 10-12"
Spread: 8-12"


Click on image to view larger size

Thank you to Walters Gardens for image use

 

Monarda 'Pardon My Purple'
Bee Balm
zones 4-9
 
Description:  A petite selection reaching just a foot tall at maturity. From mid to late summer, fuchsia-purple flowers (2-3”) sit just at the top of the foliage. This compact selection forms a bushy, well-branched clump of deep green, glossy foliage. Powdery mildew resistant.
Bloom Color: Fuchsia
Bloom Time: Mid-Summer to Fall
Foliage Color: Dark green
Height: 10-12"
Spread: 7-10"


Click on image to view larger size

 

Monarda x 'Petite Delight'
Bee Balm
zones 2-8
 
Description:  This exciting new lavender pink Bee Balm has a unique dwarf form.  It's foliage is dark green,  fragrant, mildew resistant and crinkled.     'Petite Delight' deserves a spot in the front of your perennial border!   Hummingbirds and butterflies can't resist these flowers!   
Bloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: June-August
Foliage Color: Dark green
Height: 12-15"
Spread: 18-24"


Click on image to view larger size

 

Monarda 'Petite Wonder'
Bee Balm
zones 4-9
 
Description:  A slightly lower growing Bee Balm with light and clear pink flowers.  Has aromatic foliage which is disease resistant and holds its rich green color well.   Moderately mildew resistant.
Bloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: June-August
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 9-10"
Spread: 18"


Click on image to view larger size

Thank you to Walters Gardens for image use

 

Monarda 'Pink Lace'
Bee Balm
zones 4-9
 
Description:  This mid-sized selection of Bee Balm is the perfect size for the middle of the flower border. Medium pink flowers are produced atop densely rounded clumps of bright green foliage from midsummer to early fall.
Bloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Mid Summer to Fall
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 16"
Spread: 12-15"


Click on image to view larger size

Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

 

Monarda 'Purple Rooster'
Bee Balm
zones 4-9
 
Description:  When Walters Gardens visited The Flower Factory, a unique retail nursery in Stoughton, Wisconsin, a few summers ago, they were struck by the fantastic true royal purple flowers and clean foliage of ‘Purple Rooster’.  It was flying off the benches there, selling on impulse, as it had been for about twenty years. Upon inquiring with the owners, David and Nancy Nedveck, they learned that David had selected this purple flowering plant from a batch of M. didyma seedlings and named it ‘Purple Rooster’ after his love for roosters.  To his knowledge, they are the only retailer that has ever sold this fantastic variety since David selected and named it so long ago.  We brought home a few to try for ourselves and were equally impressed with its performance.  Large, true royal purple flowers were produced over most of the summer on clean, mildew-free plants that never required staking despite their three foot height. 
Bloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: June-August
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 36"
Spread: 26"


Click on image to view larger size

 

Monarda x 'Raspberry Wine'
Bee Balm
zones 4-9
 
Description:  Deep wine colored flowers appear as "raspberries" in bud stage.  Mildew resistant.
Bloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: June-August
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 24-36"
Spread: 24-36"
 

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