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BAMBOO
Fargesia or Phyllostachys

 

Description:
The growth pattern of Bamboo differs from that of most woody shrubs. Once per year, usually in spring, new growth occurs as a bamboo shoot.  The shoot emerges from the ground and reaches its full height in 6-8 weeks. You can literally watch some Bamboos grow up to 3 feet in one day!  The potential growth of Bamboo varies depending on genetics and variety.  Plant growth can be accelerated by providing the optimum growing conditions each variety prefers.  Bamboo prefers well-drained fertile soil of neutral pH and high organic content.  Bamboo does not appreciate planting where the soil is wet for extended periods of time, however, some varieties are shown to tolerate moist soil. There use extends to hedges and screens as well as specimen planting.

Running Bamboo (Phyllostachys)
Running Bamboos spread by sending out roots into the earth to a depth of about one foot.  Some running bamboos are modest growers, while others can be extremely vigorous and invasive. “Running” can be controlled by cutting back the ends of the rhizomes with a spade. 
Phyllostachys, or Giant Bamboo, are the tallest of the species and prefer sun or partial shade.

Clumping Bamboo (Fargesia)
This type of Bamboo is
not invasive.  The new shoots occur on the outside margin of the parent plant. Fargesia, the hardiest of all Bamboos, remain evergreen through winter and tolerate temperatures to –25 degrees. Fargesias are usually used to form a hedge with a wonderful weeping mass of evergreen foliage. They look great planted near the edge of a pond where the water will reflect their pendulous silhouette. Fargesia does best in partial shade.
 

Common Name: Bamboo
Botanical Name: Fargesia, Phyllostachys
Type: Hardy Bamboo
Soil Preference: Bamboo prefer well-drained soil amended with manure and/or compost and peat moss.  Some varieties can tolerate moist soils, see individual descriptions
Light Requirements: Sun to part shade
Attributes: --
Pests: not known
Diseases: not known
Care:

Watering is critical during the first year of growth.  When you water, water deeply!  The amount and frequency of watering depends upon exposure to wind and sun as well as temperature.  Do not let your plants dry out during their first year.  Leaf curling will indicate plant stress and need for water.  Some yellowing or shedding of leaves in late summer or fall might occur but will not harm the plant.

Some bamboos will often die back to the ground, but usually are root-hardy and send out culms in May or June.  Adequate mulching is most important for winter protection of your plants—a 4-6” layer is recommended.  Anti-desiccant spray (Wilt-Pruf) applied to the foliage is a good way to prevent damage from drying winter winds.

 

Varieties:

This variety listing is for informational purposes only, it is not a catalog. 
To view our catalog or availability, click here

 


Click on image to view larger size
Fargesia denudata
Clumping Bamboo
zones
 
Description:  Similar to Fargesia murielae in form and color, F. denudata has shorter branches and smaller leaves, which cause the gracefully arching canes to stand out individually. Grown mainly for its frothy foliage and droopy appearance.  As the culms age they can mature from an olive green to an attractive yellowy-green.  Unlike F. murielae, it does not have leaves that yellow and drop in the fall, making it a greener plant through the winter.   It will tolerate a shady position and because of its size, would be ideal for the small garden.
Bloom Color: n/a
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 10-15'
Spread: 5-6'


Click on image to view larger size

 

Fargesia dracocephala
Dragon's Head Bamboo
zones
 
Description: Hardy, clump-type bamboo.  It forms a dense clump with gently weeping branches and can be used to make an almost solid screen.  The culms are solid and make good small garden stakes.  Will stay evergreen all year, but you must protect them from too much hot afternoon sun, or they may show signs of leaf burn.  Height: 10-15’ x 8-10’
Bloom Color: n/a
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 10-15'
Spread: 8-10'


Click on image to view larger size

Thank you to Bamboo Garden for image use

 

Fargesia 'Jiuzhaigou'
Red Dragon Bamboo
zones 5-9
 
Description:  The new culms have a striking intense red color then age to mellow yellow.  Unlike most other Fargesia, plant this one in direct sun (preferably morning sun) to turn the culms red. The leaves, like many Fargesia, will curl in the sun but when the shade returns they will unfurl. The leaves are very small; among the smallest of any Clumping Bamboo, and are reddish at first, fading to a light green. This bamboo was collected in Jiuzhaigou Park in northern Sichuan, China by a German pharmacist named Stephan Wagner.
Bloom Color: n/a
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 9-12'
Spread: 5-6'


Click on image to view larger size
Fargesia murieliae
Umbrella Bamboo
zones
 
Description:  This Umbrella Bamboo has a delicate pea green foliage and a graceful weeping habit. Looks great as a lone specimen, as part of a mixed planting scheme or as a screen.  Prefers to be out of hot mid-day sun. Would also do well in a spot next to your water garden.  
Bloom Color: n/a
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 10-15'
Spread: 5-6'


Click on image to view larger size

Thank you to Bamboo Garden for image use

 

Fargesia robusta 'Wolong'
Wolong Robust Clumping Bamboo
hardiness: 0 F
 
Description: Has larger leaves than regular F. robusta which gives this clumping bamboo a tropical look.  The foliage is shiny dark green that seems to shimmer in the sunlight.  Branch sheaths often have hints of orange and red.  New shoots are hairy and rusty red upon emergence from the ground in early spring.  Prefers partial shade.
Bloom Color: n/a
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 16'
Spread: unknown


Click on image to view larger size

 

Fargesia rufa
Clumping Bamboo
zones
 
Description: This short clumper makes an elegant, 8 foot tall fountainl  Its small stature makes this a perfect choice for a small garden or courtyard!  The orange-red cane sheaths add interest to this very cold hardy selection.  Height: 6-8’, Spread: 4-6’
Bloom Color: n/a
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 6-8'
Spread: 4-6'


Click on image to view larger size

 

Fargesia rufa 'Green Panda'
Green Panda Clumping Bamboo
zones
 
Description:  New culms have attractive rusty reddish sheaths and a non-invasive root system. This introduction is proving to be one of the most hardy and versatile clumping bamboo in the landscape. It is a shorter Fargesia, only about 8-10 feet tall when mature, but a vigorous grower, sending up many new culms each season. The new culms of this Fargesia leaf out early in the summer, making it an excellent choice where its rapid growth is desired. Like Fargesia dracocephala and Fargesia robusta its leaves do not curl in the sun, but it is hardier than either of these.
Bloom Color: n/a
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 8-10'
Spread: 5-6'


Click on image to view larger size

 

Fargesia rufa 'Sunset Glow'
Sunset Glow Clumping Bamboo
zones
 
Description:  A vigorous clumping bamboo with orange-red cane sheaths. Leaves do not curl in the sun as with some bamboos.  Growth habit is slightly weeping and very dense. Is cold hardy, sun and wind tolerant.
Bloom Color: n/a
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 8'
Spread: 5'


Click on image to view larger size

 

Fargesia sp. 'Scabrida'
Scabrida Clumping Bamboo
zones
 
Description:  Scabrida has perhaps the most exciting colors of any hardy clumping bamboo: the young culms have dark orange sheaths, opening gradually to reveal steel-blue and lavender culms, aging to an olive green. The leaves are dark green and slender, with a graceful, airy arrangement. Fairly upright habit, vigorous growth, and more sun-tolerant than most other Fargesia.  
Bloom Color: n/a
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 12-14'
Spread: 5-6'


Click on image to view larger size

 

Phyllostachys atrovaginata
Incense Bamboo
zones
 
Description:  A very quick growing Bamboo excellent for landscaping use due to its rapid growth, relatively large diameter canes in relation to height and straight, upright culms.   Produces a graceful habit with a sharp accents of color provided by the dark culms and green foliage. The culms have a wax on the surface with a fragrance somewhat like sandalwood.  Adapted for growing in wet soils. 
Bloom Color: n/a
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 30-35'
Spread: unknown


Click on image to view larger size

 

Phyllostachys aureosulcata
Yellow Groove Running Bamboo
zones
 
Description:  Yellow Groove has young culms that are green with a yellow groove.  Internodes on young culms are rough to touch.  Culms sometimes have zigzag kinks.  Excellent cold hardy screen. 
Bloom Color: n/a
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 25-30'
Spread: 10-15'


Click on image to view larger size

 

Phyllostachys bissetii
David Bisset Running Bamboo
zones
 
Description:  Very vigorous and establishes quickly.  Extremely cold hardy and reliable.  Color is dark green.  Good for screening and hedges. 
Bloom Color: n/a
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 15-20'
Spread: 10-15'


Click on image to view larger size

 

Phyllostachys nigra 'Black Cane'
Black Cane Running Bamboo
zones
 
Description:  A graceful habit with a sharp accent of color provided by the dark culms and green foliage.  Mulch in winter to provide extra protection. 
Bloom Color: n/a
Bloom Time: n/a
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 15-20'
Spread: 10-15'
 

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