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Landscape Design

NE Ohio Garden
Your Landscape Concierge!

Dogwood

Cornus

 


Description:
Dogwoods are usually found in the shrub border to add color or as a specimen in the lawn.  It can also be grown as an "under story" tree underneath of other large trees.   They prefer a rich, deep, well-drained soil.  These plants are not recommended for heavy, wet soils.   The fruits that are produced are also a favorite of many birds as well as squirrels, rabbits and raccoons.  They can also serve as butterfly nectar sources and as hosts for butterfly larvae.
 
Common Name: Dogwood
Botanical Name: Cornus alba, Cornus alternifolia, Cornus canadensis, Cornus florida, Cornus rubra, Cornus kousa, Cornus mas, Cornus stolonifera
Type: Deciduous Tree
Growth Rate: Slow to Average
Soil Preference: Some varieties will tolerate drought and occasional wetness but all must have well-drained soil.  They prefer a pH of acidic to slightly alkaline (less than 6.8 to 7.7)
Light Requirements: Sun to partial shade (depending on type)
Attributes: Some varieties (Cornus florida, Cornus kousa, Cornus mas) attract birds and butterflies.  Some types are pest tolerant or disease resistant (see individual descriptions); Plants also serve as butterfly nectar sources and as hosts for butterfly larvae.
Pests: Aphids, borers, leaf miners, scale. (for borer prevention, see "care" section)
Diseases: Powdery mildew, anthracnose (Many varieties are resistant to mildew and anthracnose - see individual descriptions), leaf spots, bacterial leaf scorch; also sensitive to ozone air pollution
Care: Spray trunk and lower branches with Eight May 1, May 15 and May 30 (in Ohio) to prevent borer on Florida types. Avoid over-fertilizing with nitrogen.  Fertilize with Holly-tone as recommended.

Planting Instructions: Trees & Shrubs
Water & Fertilizer Schedule

 

Varieties:

This variety listing is for informational purposes only, it is not a catalog. 
To view our catalog or availability, click here

 


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus alba 'Bailhalo' (Ivory Halo)
Tatarian Dogwood, Siberian Dogwood
zones 3-7
 
Description:  Variegated green and creamy white leaves.  Small, fragrant creamy white flowers in spring. Bright red twigs (stems) in winter.  Grows well in wet or well-drained soil.
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Variegated green & white
Height: 5'
Spread: 6'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus alternifolia 'Argenteo-Marginata'
Pagoda Dogwood, Alternate Leaf Dogwood
zones 3-8
 
Description:  A rare and stunning, beautiful tree with a spreading habit.  Leaves are variegated with creamy white margins.  Fiery red stems persist into winter.  White flowers bloom May and June.  Very slow growing.
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May & June
Foliage Color: Variegated white & green
Height: 8-10'
Spread: 5-10'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus canadensis
Bunchberry Dogwood
zones 2-7
 
Description:  Beautiful whorls of leaves surround the Dogwood flower born in spring.  This plant thrives in cool, moist, shady areas.
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 3-6"
Spread: 4'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus controversa 'Variegata'
Giant Dogwood
zones 5-8
 
Description:  Tiered branches stand out in winter with leaves edged in creamy white.  Single white flowers bloom in summer.  Blue-black fruit follows in autumn, attracting birds.
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Summer
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 30-40'
Spread: 30-40'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus florida
Flowering Dogwood
zones 5-9
 
Description:  Abundance of white flowers in spring with bright red berries in fall.  Crimson red fall foliage.  Excellent drainage is a must!  Soil that is well-drained enough for other trees may not be good enough for this tree.
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 15-20'
Spread: 15-20'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus florida 'Appalachian Blush'
Appalachian Blush Flowering Dogwood
zones 5-8

 

Description:  The attractive white blooms have a pink blush around the edges in spring. This vigorous grower & dependable bloomer has nice red fall foliage and clusters of red berries in the fall. Excellent resistance to powdery mildew.
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 20'
Spread: 15-20'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus florida 'Appalachian Spring'
Appalachian Spring Flowering Dogwood
zones 5-9

 

Description:  White spring flowers are followed by abundant bright red fruit. The strikingly large leaves turn bright red in autumn. Has demonstrated unusual resistance to dogwood anthracnose
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 20'
Spread: 15-20'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus florida 'Appalachian Snow'
Appalachian Snow Flowering Dogwood
zones 5-9

 

Description:  The flowers of this variety are overlapping and stiff with no color pigmentation. Excellent resistance to powdery mildew.  Adding to the pretty flowers are good red fall color and clusters of red berries in the fall.
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 20'
Spread: 15-20'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus florida 'Cherokee Daybreak'
Cherokee Daybreak Flowering Dogwood
zones 5-9

 

Description:  White flowers.  Variegated foliage.  Good drainage is a must!
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May
Foliage Color: Variegated
Height: 15-20'
Spread: 15-20'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus florida 'Cherokee Princess'
Cherokee Princess Flowering Dogwood
zones 5-9
 
Description:  Gives an unusually heavy display of white blooms.  Good drainage is a must!
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 20-25'
Spread:  


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus florida 'Cloud 9'
Cloud 9 Flowering Dogwood
zones 5-9
 
Description:  Large white flowers in May, strong grower with light green foliage.  Slowly grows to 8-10' in 10 years.  Good drainage is a must!
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 10-12'
Spread: 10-15'

 

Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus florida 'Pendula'
Weeping Dogwood
zones 5-9
 
Description:  White flowers form in spring on this weeping form with stiff and somewhat distorted pendulous branches.  Bright red fruits persist into winter.
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 10-15'
Spread: 10-15'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus florida 'Stellar Pink'
Stellar Pink Flowering Dogwood
zones 5-9
 
Description:  Round flower heads with overlapping bracts, soft pink flower color.  Borer and anthracnose resistant.  Well-drained soil is a must!
Bloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: May
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 15-20'
Spread: 15-20'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus florida 'Rubra'
Pink Flowering Dogwood
zones 5-8
 
Description:  A small tree that produces an abundance of deep rose-pink flowers in spring.  Bright reddish-green fall foliage with red berries.  Good drainage is a must!
Bloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: May
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 12-15'
Spread:  


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus florida var. rubra 'Cherokee Brave'
Cherokee Brave Flowering Dogwood
zones 5-8
 
Description:  An improved red (flower) form of Dogwood. New growth is burgundy-red turning to dark green with age.
Bloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: May
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 15-30'
Spread: 25-35'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus florida x chinensis 'Radiant Rose'
Radiant Rose Flowering Dogwood
zones 5-9
 
Description:  Rosy red flowers in spring.  Resistant to borer and anthracnose.  Fall foliage color is red.  There is also some red color in the leaves and branches.  Spreading, arching habit. Well-drained soil is a must!
Bloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: May
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 20'
Spread: 20-25'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus kousa x chinensis
Chinese Dogwood
zones 5-9
 
Description:  Dark green foliage turns to dark crimson in fall.  Produces star-shaped white flowers.   The dark maroon to black fruit is edible when ripe.  This tree prefers moist soil and sun to light shade.  Good drainage is imperative! Blooms end of May through June.
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: end of May - June
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 15-20'
Spread:  

Click on image to view larger size
 


 

Cornus kousa x chinensis 'Heart Throb'
Chinese Dogwood
zones 5-9
 
Description:  Long lasting red flowers start blooming in late May.  Prefers sun to partial shade.  Resistant to borer and anthracnose.  Attractive dark green foliage turns deep red in the fall, when red fruits of about 3/4" diameter also provide seasonal interest. Like all Dogwood trees, well-drained soil is a must! 
Bloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Late may
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 12-20'
Spread:  


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus kousa 'Lemon Ripple'
Variegated Chinese Dogwood
zones 5-8
 
Description:  Each leaf is unique with a wide chartreuse yellow border, which is maintained throughout the summer. A pure white flowering Dogwood with bright orange-red fall color. Best grown in full sun to light shade.
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 12-15'
Spread: 10-12'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus kousa 'Milky Way'
Flowering Dogwood
zones 4-8
 
Description:  White flowers bloom spring and summer.  A heavy blooming variety with purplish-red fall color.  Resistant to borer and anthracnose. 
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Spring
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 15-20'
Spread: 15-20'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus kousa 'Lustgarden Weeping'
Weeping Dogwood
zones 4-8
 
Description:  Branches arch downwards and bear large white flowers in June.  Weeping habit.  Well drained soil is a must!  Grows to 7' x 5' after 12 years.
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: June
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 5-7'
Spread:  


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus kousa 'Miss Satomi'
Flowering Dogwood
zones 4-8
 
Description:  Popsicle pink flowers bloom in May.  Fast growth rate.  Well-drained soil is a must!
Bloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: May
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 15-20'
Spread: 15-20'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus kousa 'Snow Boy'
Flowering Dogwood
zones 4-8
 
Description:  Grown more for its beautiful foliage rather then flower bracts and prefers a sheltered position in partial shade, where the leaves will not scorch in strong sunlight. Selected for its white edged leaves and its growth tops which color light pink. Dark red to purple fall color.
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: June
Foliage Color: Variegated
Height: 8'
Spread: 6'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus kousa 'Snow Tower'
Snow Tower Flowering Dogwood
zones 4-7
 
Description:  Beautiful rich green foliage shows off the large crisp white flowers. This new variety blooms a little later in the season and has a tight, upright habit. The trial plants in Avon, Ohio are growing wonderfully!
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Late Spring
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 10-12'
Spread: 3-4'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus kousa 'Summer Gold'
Summer Gold Flowering Dogwood
zones 4-8
 
Description:  White bracted flowers held above bright green and golden yellow variegated foliage are a flashy, eye catching combination in summer. In fall, golden margins of the two-tone foliage become pink, and then the entire leaf turns bright red.
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 8'
Spread: 4'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus kousa 'Summer Stars'
Summer Stars Flowering Chinese Dogwood
zones 5-8
 
Description:  The flower bracts on this selection are not as large as those of other cultivars, but they are retained longer, from June to August. Raspberry-like fruits are followed in the fall along with good burgundy-red foliage color.  Vase-shaped, multi-stemmed with horizontally-tiered branches.
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: June-August
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 20'
Spread: 15-20'


Click on image to view larger size


 

Cornus sanguinea 'Midwinter Fire'
Tatarian Dogwood
zones 4-7
 
Description:  Noted for its colorful orange-red stems and twigs during the winter months.  Tiny white flowers bloom in late spring then give way to dark purple berries in summer that are very attractive to birds. Grows to 5-6' in 8 years (picture shown during late fall or winter)
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Late Spring
Foliage Color: Green
Height: 5-6'
Spread: 5-6'
 

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