Seeding - New Lawn Care
Seeding a new lawn can be done in spring or fall, although fall (September) is the
absolute best. If necessary, summer seeding can be done as long as you can keep the
area you've seeded moist at all times. Grass seed can also be sown in late winter.
GRASS SEED CALCULATOR
PREPARING THE SEED BED
For New lawns:
Renovating Established Lawns
First mow the existing grass as short as possible. If you simply need to
over seed or to reseed bare spots, rake the areas so they are crumbly, then skip to the 'Fertilizing' section.
Spray with Glysophate to kill off any remaining
Wait 7-10 days for the vegetation to brown and then proceed with the
raking out process. Use a thatching rake or a stiff garden rake to remove all thatch
and other loose vegetation. It is not necessary to remove the dead grass. It
is necessary to prepare the soil so that the grass seed will make contact with the soil
when it is planted.
If there are any bare spots, chop the soil 2" deep leaving the
clods between golf ball and marble size. You can rent a slit seeder which will make
preparing the soil for larger areas much easier. Run the slit seeder East and West
and the North and South to create a grid pattern. On a hillside, run the slicer
horizontally across the slope. DO NOT ROTOTILL!! If you do you will turn over
thousands of weed seeds that will be happy to grow all over your lawn. (back to top)
Now you are ready to apply your fertilizer. Use a low nitrogen formula such as Greenview
Fall Lawn Food, which is best applied with a broadcast spreader. A drop
spreader can be used, but be careful not to over apply. If you
are re-seeding in the spring, DO NOT apply Greenview's Crabgrass Control
plus Lawn Food as
a fertilizer while seeding. Crabgrass Control plus Lawn Food is the first step in Greenview's 4-step program. This product will kill germinating
crabgrass AND regular grass seed. If you need to re-seed a lawn in
spring and you would also like to apply a crabgrass preventive, then you
will need to apply Greenview's Starter Fertilizer Plus Crabgrass
Preventer. It "knows" the difference between crabgrass seed and
regular grass seed and is safe to use.
At Dayton Nursery we will be happy to assist you in making the right seed choice for your
yard. Seed can be applied by hand, which is fine for bare spots, or with a spreader,
which is best for larger areas. It is extremely important for the seed to make soil
contact, it simply will not grow if it doesn't. A seed mix is generally better than
sowing just one variety. Fairlawn brand is excellent for the sun
while Fairlawn Shady or Dura-Shade is good for shade areas. Seeding rates are 5-8 lbs. of
seed per 1000 sq. feet depending on the type of mix.
Grass Seed Calculator
At this time, a light covering of straw can be applied. Although straw is optional,
it does help keep the area moist, which is essential to seed germination. One bale
of straw should cover between 500-600 sq. feet. You should be able to see 50% soil
and 50% seed. When straw is applied correctly it does not need to be removed later
LAWN STARTER MULCH
you donít want to clean up messy straw, then apply a new product called
Encap Lawn Starter Mulch. This formula retains moisture and soil
nutrients. One 20 pound bag covers 1,000 sq. ft. It sparkles when dry to let
you know its time to water.
Grass seed must be kept moist until it germinates. Water thoroughly. At first
provide fairly short but frequent waterings. As the seed begins to
germinate, you will not need to water as often, but remember not to let
the seeded areas dry out for long periods of time. Try to water
early in the day or early in the evening.
When the new grass is 3-4" tall it is time to mow. Set your mower at a mowing
height of 2 1/2 - 3" high. Cutting the lawn high is a good, natural weed
control, as cooler soil temperatures discourage weed seed germination. Mow
often! The more cuttings you make, the faster the new lawn will mature. Mow
as late into fall as necessary. Your last cutting of the season should be 1 1/2 - 2"
high. This will help prevent lawn disease such as Snow Mold. Remember to rake up as many leaves
as possible before the ground freezes. Leaves left on the ground will smother the
grass trying to live beneath it, which means you'll have new bare spots in the spring.
After you have mowed the new lawn at least three times it should be safe to apply a weed
killer if weeds are a problem. Be sure to follow label directions for the product you are
using and be sure to use a product that will eliminate the type of weeds you have.
Weed Control plus Lawn Food will control weeds with its active ingredient Trimec
and fertilize the grass with a slow release fertilizer at the same time.
The 2-Way Greenpower should be applied May 1st - May 15th or Sept 1st -
Greenview's Starter Fertilizer Plus Crabgrass Preventer
will prevent crabgrass from germinating if the lawn is sown in spring.
The product can tell the difference between germinating grass seed and
If you cannot seed in the spring or fall, you may seed in late January
or early February. Remove any twigs and leaves in the areas to be
seeded. Apply your seed to those areas. The freezing and thawing
soil will create a natural seed bed. Be aware that the success
of winter seeding depends on our weather. Don not seed on top of
snow. Remember, do not use a "regular" crabgrass preventer in spring
when winter seeding. Use
Greenview's Starter Fertilizer Plus
Crabgrass Preventer will prevent crabgrass from germinating if the lawn is
sown in spring. The product can tell the difference between
germinating grass seed and crabgrass seed. (back to top)